Test Information

To locate information on a particular test, click on the relevant letter and follow the trail. eg To find information on sample requirements, test availability and turnaround time for FeLV, click on "F" and then click on the relevant test (FeLV soluble Ag or FeLV IFA).

To download a copy of our lab request form please click link below:

LAB REQUEST FORM


Faecal Analysis
Suitable Sample:
  • Fresh faeces

 

Unsuitable Sample:
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 10 gm

 

Turnaround Time:
  • Same day

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:

In small animals, includes:

  • Wet microscopy
  • Gram stain
  • Occult blood
  • Concentration for cysts and ova


In large animals, includes:

  • Wet microscopy
  • Gram stain
  • Concentration for cysts and ova
  • Faecal egg count


In cases of suspected exocrine pancreatic insufficiency submit a serum sample for a TLI (trypsin-like immunoreactivity).

In cases of persistent diarrhoea consider checking Vitamin B12 and folate levels in serum and faecal multiplex PCR.


Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
Internal Codes: F05
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Faecal Analysis with Culture & Sensitivity
Suitable Sample:
  • Fresh faeces (important for culture)

  • NOTE: If sample cannot be cultured immediately, store at room temperature prior to transport to the laboratory.

Unsuitable Sample:
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 10 gm
Turnaround Time:
  • Same day for faecal analysis
  • 12-24 hours for culture of routine organisms
  • 48 hours for sensitivity on routine organisms
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments: Includes:
  • Wet microscopy
  • Gram stain
  • Cysts & ova
  • Occult blood
  • C&S
Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
Internal Codes: F07
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Faecal Concentration for Cysts & Ova
Suitable Sample:
  • Fresh faeces

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • Faecal
  • Rectal swab
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 5-10 gm

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 4 hours Mon-Sat

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Faecal wet micro with C&O
  • Faecal concentration C&O
  • Faecal analysis
  • Faecal analysis with C&S
Comments:
  • This is a qualitative, not quantitative test.
  • Method includes flotation for Giardia.
Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
Internal Codes:
  • F03
  • F05
  • F07
  • P09
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume: 2 gm (approximately the size of two peas)
Faecal Culture & Sensitivity
Suitable Sample:
  • Fresh faeces
  • Faecal swab can be used, but is suboptimal.
    NOTE: If sample cannot be cultured immediately, store at room temperature prior to transport to the laboratory.
Unsuitable Sample:
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2-3 gm (a larger volume such as 10 gm is better, especially for maintaining anaerobic conditions in the sample).

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 12-24 hours for culture of routine organisms
  • 48 hours for sensitivity on routine organisms
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • Faecal culture includes a wet microscopy.
  • Transport to the laboratory without refrigeration.
  • At the laboratory samples are stored at 4oC to minimise overgrowth, but this will kill the more fragile organisms and poorer results will be obtained from samples stored before C&S is requested.
  •  
Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
Internal Codes:
  • F01
  • F02
  • F07
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Faecal Egg Count (single & pooled)
(Egg Count -faecal; single & pooled)
Suitable Sample:
  • Fresh faeces

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • Faecal swab

 

Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2-3 gm (a larger volume such as 10 gm is better)

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 4 hours, Monday to Saturday

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • May be done on either individual animals or a pooled samples
  • A pooled sample may contain faeces from a maximum of 10 animals
  • The saturated salt solution is efficient at floating common parasite eggs, but does not float trematode eggs and some tapeworm eggs. Specific procedures are required for these parasites.
  • Faeces are stable for 3 days when refrigerated.
Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
Internal Codes:
  • P05
  • P06
  • P07
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Faecal electronmicroscopy (EM)
(Electronmicroscopy of Faeces)
Suitable Sample:
  • Faeces

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • Blood

 

Minimum Sample Size:
Turnaround Time:
  • A few weeks

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: F10
Internal Laboratory: Dept of Ag, WA
Internal Test Volume:
Faecal multiplex PCR panel - Canine
Suitable Sample:
  • Faeces
Unsuitable Sample:
  • Blood
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 1g
Turnaround Time:
  • 3-5 working days
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
Comments:

Panel includes:

  • Campylobacter spp
  • Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin
  • Salmonella sp
  • Canine Parvovirus 2
  • Giardia lambalia
  • Cryptosporidium spp
  • Canine Coronavirus
  • Canine Distemper virus
Internal Use Only:

Goes to WDP Myaree

Internal Codes: G18
Internal Laboratory: WDP
Internal Test Volume:
Faecal multiplex PCR panel - Equine ADULT
Suitable Sample:
  • Faeces
Unsuitable Sample:
  • Blood
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2g
Turnaround Time:
  • 4 working days
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
Comments:
    • Panel includes:
    • Lawsonia intracellularis
    • Clostridium difficile toxin A/Toxin B
    • Clostridium perfingens Toxin A/Toxin B
    • Salmonella
    • Equine coronavirus
Internal Use Only:

goes to Vetnostics Molecular department NSW

Internal Codes: G38
Internal Laboratory: Vetnostics
Internal Test Volume:
Faecal multiplex PCR panel - Feline
Suitable Sample:
  • Faeces
Unsuitable Sample:
  • Blood
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2g
Turnaround Time:
  • 3 - 5 working days
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
Comments: Panel includes:
  • Campylobacter spp
  • Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin
  • Salmonella spp
  • Feline Parvovirus
  • Giardia lamblia
  • Cryptospridium spp
  • Feline Coronavirus
  • Tritrichomonas foetus
  • Toxoplasma gondii
Internal Use Only:

WDP

Internal Codes: G24
Internal Laboratory: WDP
Internal Test Volume:
Faecal multiplex PCR panel PLUS - Canine
Suitable Sample:
  • Faeces
Unsuitable Sample:
  • Blood
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2g
Turnaround Time:
  • 3 - 5 working days
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
Comments:
  • Test includes the multiplex PCR panel and a concentration for cysts and ova. The PCR panel includes:

    • Campylobacter spp
    • Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin
    • Salmonella sp
    • Canine Parvovirus 2
    • Giardia lambalia
    • Cryptosporidium spp
    • Canine Coronavirus
    • Canine Distemper virus
Internal Use Only:

Goes to WDP

Internal Codes: G18A
Internal Laboratory: WDP
Internal Test Volume:
Faecal multiplex PCR panel PLUS - Feline
Suitable Sample:
  • Faeces
Unsuitable Sample:
  • Blood
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2g
Turnaround Time:
  • 3 - 5 working days
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
Comments:

test includes the feline multiplex PCR panel and a concentration for cysts and ova. The PCR panel includes:

  • Campylobacter spp
  • Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin
  • Salmonella spp
  • Feline Parvovirus
  • Giardia lamblia
  • Cryptospridium spp
  • Feline Coronavirus
  • Tritrichomonas foetus
  • Toxoplasma gondii
Internal Use Only:

WDP

Internal Codes: G24A
Internal Laboratory: WDP
Internal Test Volume:
Faecal Occult Blood
(Occult blood - faecal)
Suitable Sample:
  • Fresh faeces (see Comments)

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • Faecal swab

 

Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2-3 gm

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 3 hours, Monday - Saturday

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
  • Faecal analysis +/- C&S
Comments:
  • The “occult blood” tests depend on detection of pseudoperoxidase activity of the haeme portion of haemoglobin and myoglobin. Intact erythrocytes – haematochezia – will not cause a positive occult blood test result. 

  • Meat-based diets can cause a false positive (particularly red meat such as mutton). This also applies to canned food.
  • Feed a non-meat diet for 3 days before collection of faeces (cottage cheese, rice, pasta).
  • False positives can also occur with foods that contain peroxidases such as beets and tomatoes.
  • The sensitivity of the test increases if 2 - 3 separate faecal collections are tested.
Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
Internal Codes:
  • F05
  • F07
  • F04
  • FO4m
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume: 1 gm
Faecal PCR - Equine FOAL
Suitable Sample:
  • Faeces
Unsuitable Sample:
  • Blood
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2g
Turnaround Time:
  • 5 - 7  days
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
Comments:

PCR panel includes:

  • Clostridium difficile Toxin A/Toxin B
  • Clostridium perfringens Toxin A/CPE toxin/cpb2 toxin/netF toxin
  • Salmonella spp
  • Equine coronavirus
  • Rotavirus
  • Cryptosporidium
Internal Use Only:

Vetnostics

Internal Codes: G39
Internal Laboratory: Vetnostics
Internal Test Volume:
Faecal Wet Microscopy
Suitable Sample:
  • Fresh faeces
  • Faecal swab
Unsuitable Sample:  
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2-3 gm (but depends on other tests also being requested)
Turnaround Time:
  • 3 hours, Monday - Saturday
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test (faecal wet micro)
  • Faecal wet micro with C&O
  • Faecal wet micro with Gram, C&S
  • Faecal analysis +/- C&S
Comments:
Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
Internal Codes:
  • F08a
  • F03 is faecal wet micro + cysts & ova
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume: 1 gm for wet micro only (match head size)
Feline Calicivirus Antibody Titre by IFA
(Calicivirus Antibody Titre (Feline) by IFA)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • LH
  • CIT
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 1 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • Run Tuesday and Thursday
  • Cutoff is 7pm previous working weekday
  • Results available the same day
Request/Test Included in:
  • Individual test
  • Combined feline calicivirus, herpes virus & panleukopenia
Comments: This test is a screening test to determine the level of specific antiviral IgG in the serum.  The titre is used as a measure of the humoral immunity.  It has been shown that a titre of 1:5 on IFA is considered the appropriate levels to provide protective immunity.  Note that it is possible that lower titres are protective and the influence of the cell mediated response cannot be reliably assessed in this manner.
  • Cats with a titre of <1:5 may not be adequately protected and revaccination should be considered.
  • Cats with a titre of  1:5 but <1:20 may consider revaccination.
  • Cats with a titre of  1:20 or greater are considered protected and may not need revaccination.  These animals should have their titre rechecked in approximately one year.
Internal Use Only:
  • Store sample at 2-8oC
  • Serial dilutions are preformed from 1:5 with four-fold up to 1:80 (greater dilutions may be requested in some cases, charges are negotiable).
  • If the test is being done to detect exposure to calicivirus, acute specimens should be drawn at the start of illness and convalescent specimens should be obtained at 2 to 4 week intervals to check titre changes.
  • Samples can still be sent to Biobest in Scotland if the client requests this.
Internal Codes:
  • S26F
  • S26L  (for laboratories)
  • S24F (combination of calici, herpes & panleukpenia)
  • S24L (combination of calici, herpes & panleukpenia for laboratories)
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
  • 50-100 uL serum for the individual test
  • 100-200 uL is needed for the combination 
Feline Calicivirus Antibody Titre by VNT 
(Calicivirus Antibody Titre (feline) by VNT)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • LH
  • CIT
  • FL
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 3 ml whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • Approximately 2 weeks

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request Test (must specifically request antibody titre by virus neutralisation test =VNT)
  • Contact laboratory if doing multiple tests for a client
Comments:
  •  Virus neutralisation test (VNT)

  •  

Internal Use Only:
    Samples are sent to Scotland on Mondays and results are returned within two weeks.
      Internal Codes:
      • S26B
      • S26B+ (additional tests in same batch for same client) 
      Internal Laboratory: Biobest, Scotland
      Internal Test Volume: 1 ml clear serum
      Feline Coronavirus (FIP) Titre by IFA
      (Coronavirus (feline) Antibody Titre by IFA)
      Suitable Sample:
      • PC (serum)
      • Feline only
      Unsuitable Sample:
      • EDTA
      • LH
      • Species other than cats
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 1.0 mL whole blood

       

      Turnaround Time:
      • Run Tuesday and Friday
      • Cutoff time 7pm previous working day
      • Results available the same day
      Request/Test Included in:
      • This test is included in the FIP Screen
      • It may also be requested as an individual test (Coronavirus Indirect IFA)
      Comments: This is the gold-standard test for measurement of antibodies to feline coronavirus (FCoV).
      • Titres of 1:10 or less are considered seronegative
      • Titres 1:40 or greater considered seropositive
      • Titres <1:10 indicate a low likelihood of coronavirus shedding. If the cat is infected they are likely to stop shedding when isolated.
      • Cats with high titres (1:640 or higher) are almost always shedding virus but can stop shedding upon isolation. This can be demonstrated by a drop in their titre to low or undetectable levels.
      • Cats with clinical FIP usually have a high titre (1:640 or higher), although a few cases may show low titres in the terminal stages (particularly in the effusive forms).
      • The higher the titre the greater the specificity and sensitivity of this test for a diagnosis of FIP. The positive predictive index at 1:1600 is 0.94 and the negative predictive index 0.88 (J Vet Int Med 2003:17 781-790)
      • No single test is suitable to confirm a diagnosis of FIP apart from histopathology. Clinical diagnosis of FIP should be based on a wide variety of tests including history, age, number of cats in household, persistent pyrexia and laboratory data including assessment of acute phase proteins, analysis of effusions, haematology and biochemical tests as well as specific serological tests to list a few.
      Internal Use Only:
      • Serial dilutions are performed from 1:10 with 4-fold dilutions to 1:2560.
      • Although in theory this test can also be done on canine serum, this requires the use of specific canine reagent, plus there are no guidelines for interpretation of canine results, therefore TEST CANNOT BE DONE ON DOGS
      Internal Codes:
      • S23
      • S23L (for laboratories)
      • S23 (FIP Screen)
      • S23L (FIP Screen for laboratories)
      • S16F (canine coronavirus Ab titre)
      Internal Laboratory: VP
      Internal Test Volume: 50 uL
      Feline Geriatric Panel
      (Geriatric Panel - Feline)
      Suitable Sample:
      • PC (ALT, creatinine, total T4)
        AND
      • Urine (wet microscopy, protein:creatinine ratio, SG)
        AND
      • FL (accurate glucose)
      Unsuitable Sample:
      • SC
      • LH
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 2 mL whole blood
      • 2 mL of urine is acceptable, but >5 mL is better
      Turnaround Time:
      • Approximately 4 hours (within normal laboratory hours) for ALT, creatinine and urine tests
      • Total T4 are run Monday to Friday, cutoff approximately 11:00 am
      Request/Test Included in:
      • FGP (feline geriatric panel)
      Comments:
      • Do not confuse with the FP3 panel

       

      Internal Use Only: If it is unclear if it is an FGP or FP3 being requested, speak to a scientist or pathologist, OR phone the client to clarify
      Internal Codes: FGP
      Internal Laboratory: VP
      Internal Test Volume: See above
      Feline Heartworm Antibody
      (no longer available)
      Suitable Sample:
      Unsuitable Sample:
      Minimum Sample Size:
      Turnaround Time:
      Request/Test Included in:
      Comments:
      Internal Use Only:
      Internal Codes:
      Internal Laboratory:
      Internal Test Volume:
      Feline Herpesvirus Antibody Titre by IFA
      (Herpesvirus (Feline) Antibody Titre by IFA)
      Suitable Sample:
      • PC

       

      Unsuitable Sample:
      • EDTA
      • LH
      • CIT
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 1 mL whole blood

       

      Turnaround Time:
      • Run Tuesday and Thursday
      • Cutoff is 7pm previous working day
      • Results available the same day
      Request/Test Included in:
      • Individual test
      • Combined feline herpesvirus, calicivirus and panleukopenia
      Comments: This test is a screening test to determine the level of specific antiviral IgG in the serum.  The titre is used as a measure of the humoral immunity.  It has been shown that a titre of 1:5 on IFA is considered the appropriate levels to provide protective immunity.  Note that it is possible that lower titres are protective and the influence of the cell mediated response cannot be reliably assessed in this manner.
      • Cats with a titre of <1:5 may not be adequately protected and should be   
        revaccinated.
      • Cats with a titre of  1:5 but <1:20 should consider revaccination.
      • Cats with a titre of  1:20 or greater are considered protected and may not 
        need revaccination.  These animals should have their titre rechecked in approximately one year.
      Internal Use Only:
      • Store 2-8oC
      • Serial dilutions are preformed from 1:5 with four-fold up to 1:80 (greater dilutions may be requested in some cases, charges are negotiable).
      • If the test is being done to detect exposure to calicivirus, acute specimens should be drawn at the start of illness and convalescent specimens should be obtained at 2 to 4 week intervals to check titre changes.
      • Samples can still be sent to Biobest in Scotland if the client requests this.
      Internal Codes:
      • S27F
      • S27L for laboratories
      • S24F (combination calici, herpes, panleukopenia) 
      • S24L (combination calici, herpes, panleu
      Internal Laboratory: VP
      Internal Test Volume:
      • 50-100 uL serum for single tests
      • approximately 200 uL of serum for the combined tests
      Feline Herpesvirus Antibody Titre by VNT 
      (Herpesvirus (Feline) Antibody Titre by VNT)
      Suitable Sample:
      • PC

       

      Unsuitable Sample:
      • EDTA
      • LH
      • CIT
      • FL
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 3 ml whole blood

       

      Turnaround Time:
      • Approximately 2 weeks

       

      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request Test (must specifically request antibody titre by VNT)
      • Contact laboratory if doing multiple tests for the same client in a single submission
      Comments:
      • VNT = virus neutralisation test

      Internal Use Only: Samples are sent to Scotland on Mondays and results are returned within two weeks.
      Internal Codes:
      • S27B
      • S27B+ (additional tests for same client in same submission)
      Internal Laboratory: Biobest, Scotland
      Internal Test Volume: 1 ml clear serum
      Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) Antibody Detection - RIM
      (FIV Antibody Detection - RIM)
      Suitable Sample:
      • EDTA
      • PC
      • LH
      Unsuitable Sample:
      • FL

       

      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 0.5 ml whole blood

       

      Turnaround Time:
      • 4 hours
      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request test
      • Can be done in combination with FeLV soluble antigen RIM
      Comments:
      • The test performed on a chromatographic immunoassay for FIV antibody that has been validated as a discriminatory test in cats vaccinated against the virus and those naturally infected. In this study none of the vaccinated cats (0/107) were positive using this antibody assay. Kittens less than six months of age were not included in this study (due to the possibility of maternal antibodies being present) (Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 2015)
      Internal Use Only:
      Internal Codes: S37 or S38
      Internal Laboratory: VP
      Internal Test Volume: 50 uL serum/plasma
      Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) Antigen Detection by PCR
      (FIV Detection by PCR)
      Suitable Sample:
      • EDTA blood (whole, not separated)
      • fluoride EDTA blood (whole not separated)
      Unsuitable Sample:
      • Serum, plasma
      • Non-EDTA or non-fluoride EDTA anticoagulated blood
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 1 mL

       

      Turnaround Time:
      • 2 - 3 weeks
      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request test
      • Be clear to specific FIV antigen by PCR not just FIV
      Comments:
      • The PCR test detects viral DNA.
      • The test is not affected by the presence of antibodies (which are detected by the ELISA and RIM tests).
      • Vaccinated cats should have antibodies to FIV and the PCR is the only way in which a diagnosis of FIV infection can be made in vaccinated cats.
      Internal Use Only:
      Internal Codes: GG1
      Internal Laboratory: Vetnostics
      Internal Test Volume: Absolute minimum is 100 uL
      Feline Infectious Anaemia (Mycoplasma hemofelis) detection by PCR
      (Mycoplasma hemofelis & hemominutum by PCR
      Suitable Sample:
      • EDTA

       

      Unsuitable Sample:
      • PC
      • LH
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 1 mL whole blood

       

      Turnaround Time:
      • Approximately 1 week

       

      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request test
      • Specify PCR (as separate from smear examination)
      Comments:
      • Previously named Haemobartonella felis (feline infectious anaemia)
      • PCR is a more sensitive and accurate technique for the diagnosis of Mycoplasma hemofelis.
      • The test distinguishes between M. hemofelis and M. hemominutum
      Internal Use Only:
      Internal Codes: G08
      Internal Laboratory: Gribbles, Melbourne
      Internal Test Volume:
      Feline Leukaemia Virus (FeLV) Antigen Detection by RIM
      (FeLV Antigen by RIM)
      Suitable Sample:
      • EDTA
      • PC
      • LH
      Unsuitable Sample:
      • CIT
      • FL
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 0.5 ml whole blood
      • Blood must be </= 4 days old
      Turnaround Time:
      • 4 hours
      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request test
      • Can be done in combination with FIV RIM
      Comments:
      • Detects soluble antigen. Cats exposed to FeLV will usually test positive within 28 days, but may be longer (up to 90 days).
      • Many infections are transient and a positive result in a healthy cat should be followed by either IFA, or retested by ELISA in 6 weeks. However, any positive ELISA result is best followed by IFA (only 3-9% of cats with a direct positive IFA result have transient viraemia).
      • Vaccination does not interfere with detection of antigen.
      Internal Use Only:

      Anigen

      Internal Codes: S20E
      Internal Laboratory: VP
      Internal Test Volume: 50 uL serum/plasma
      Feline Leukaemia Virus PCR
      (FeLV PCR)
      Suitable Sample:
      • EDTA
      Unsuitable Sample:
      • PC
      • CIT
      • LH
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 2ml EDTA blood
      Turnaround Time:
      • 7 days
      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request test
      Comments:
      Internal Use Only:
      • Vetnostics
      Internal Codes: G16
      Internal Laboratory: Vetnostics
      Internal Test Volume:
      Feline neurological panel by PCR
      (Feline neurological PCR panel)
      Suitable Sample:
      • CSF
      Unsuitable Sample:
      • Blood
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 0.5ml
      Turnaround Time:
      • 3 working days
      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request test
      Comments:

      Panel includes:

      • Toxoplama gondii
      • Cryptococcus sp.
      • Coronavirus
      Internal Use Only:
      Internal Codes: G35
      Internal Laboratory: Vetnostics
      Internal Test Volume:
      Feline Pancreatic Specific Lipase - Spec (fPL)
      (Lipase - Spec Feline Pancreatic Specific)
      Suitable Sample:
      • PC
      Unsuitable Sample:
      • EDTA
      • LH
      • FL
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 2ml whole blood
      Turnaround Time:
      • 3 working days once received at referral laboratory
      • Allow 5 working days from submission to Vetpath
      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request test (must specify feline pancreatic lipase)
      Comments:
      • Pancreatitis is reported to be a common finding at post-mortem in cats
        (67%), but can be very difficult to diagnose clinically.
      • Clinical pancreatitis in cats occurs with a wide range of conditions including diabetes mellitus, inflammatory bowel disease, cholangiohepatitis and hepatic lipidosis.
      • Serum amylase and total lipase are insensitive and have not been found useful in the diagnosis of pancreatitis in cats.
      • Specific feline pancreatic lipase is reported to have a sensitivity of 100% in moderate to severe cases of feline pancreatitis and a sensitivity of 45% in mild cases.
      • Specific feline pancreatic lipase is reported to have a specificity of 100% in healthy cats and a specificity of 67% in symptomatic cats with histologically normal pancreata.
      Internal Use Only:
      • Send to Idexx Brisbane
      Internal Codes: B27Fl
      Internal Laboratory: Idexx
      Internal Test Volume:
      Feline Panleukopaenia Virus Antibody Titre by IFA
      Suitable Sample:
      • PC

       

      Unsuitable Sample:
      • EDTA
      • LH
      • CIT
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 1 ml whole blood

       

      Turnaround Time:
      • Run Tuesday and Thursday
      • Cutoff is 7pm previous working week day
      • Results available the same day
      Request/Test Included in:
      • Individual test
      • Combined feline panleukopaenia, calicivirus and herpesvirus
      Comments: This test is a screening test to determine the level of specific antiviral IgG in the serum.  The titre is used as a measure of the humoral immunity.  It has been shown that a titre of 1:5 on IFA is considered the appropriate levels to provide protective immunity.  Note that it is possible that lower titres are protective and the influence of the cell mediated response cannot be reliably assessed in this manner.
      • Cats with a titre of <1:5 may not be adequately protected and revacinnation should considered.
      • Cats with a titre of  1:5 but <1:20 may consider revaccination.
      • Cats with a titre of  1:20 or greater are considered protected and may not need revaccination.  These animals should have their titre rechecked in approximately one year.
      Internal Use Only:
      • Serial dilutions are preformed from 1:5 with four-fold up to 1:80 (greater dilutions may be requested in some cases, charges are negotiable).
      • If the test is being done to detect exposure to calicivirus, acute specimens should be drawn at the start of illness and convalescent specimens should be obtained at 2 to 4 week intervals to check titre changes.
      • Samples can still be sent to Biobest in Scotland if the client requests this.
      Internal Codes:
      • S25F
      • S25L for laboratories
      • S24F (Combination calici, herpes & panleukopenia) 
      Internal Laboratory: VP
      Internal Test Volume:
      • 50-100 uL serum for single tests
      • approximately 200 uL of serum for the combined tests
      Feline Panleukopaenia Virus Antibody Titre by IFA (Biobest)
      Suitable Sample:
      • PC

       

      Unsuitable Sample:
      • EDTA
      • LH
      • CIT
      • FL
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 3 ml whole blood

       

      Turnaround Time:
      • Approximately 2 weeks

       

      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request test (must specifically request test at Biobest)
      • Contact the laboratory if doing multiple tests for a client in the same submission
      Comments:
      • Method used is IFA (No longer HAI)
      • Panleukopenia is also called feline infectious enteritis
      Internal Use Only: Samples are sent to Scotland on Mondays and results are returned within two weeks.
      Internal Codes:
      • S25B
      • S25B+ (additional tests for same client in same batch)
      Internal Laboratory: Biobest, Scotland
      Internal Test Volume: 1 ml clear serum
      Feline respiratory PCR panel
      (Respiratory panel - Feline)
      Suitable Sample:
      • Swab of tears or exudate (see Comments)

       

      Unsuitable Sample:
      • Sample in transport medium.
      • Frozen sample.
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • Single swab.

       

      Turnaround Time:
      • 2 - 3 days depending on day sample received.
      • Contact the laboratory to confirm.
      Request/Test Included in:
      • Feline respiratory profile by PCR

       

      Comments:
      • Tests for Chlamydia, Herpesvirus, Calicivirus and Bordetella sp.
      • Use a dry sterile cotton swab to collect the sample.
      • Moisten the swab with tears or exudate and vigorously swab both conjunctival sacs or the appropriate lesion.
      • Place the swab in a sterile container and refrigerate.
      • Do not freeze.
      • Do not place in transport medium.
      • Refer to client information sheet.
      Internal Use Only:
      • Referral lab- WDP Myaree Molecular Department
        Tested as required (results usually issued within 5 working weekdays from time of referral to WDP)
        Chylamdia for species other than feline refer to Melb Uni
      Internal Codes: G11Fel
      Internal Laboratory: WDP
      Internal Test Volume: N/A
      Feline Seizure Panel
      (Seizure Panel - feline)
      Suitable Sample:
      • EDTA, PC and FL
      Unsuitable Sample:
      • LH
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 2ml whole blood
      Turnaround Time:
      • FP2: Same day (Mon-Sat)
      • Cryptococcus Titre: Same day (Mon-Friday 3:00 pm cutoff, Saturday 1:00 pm cutoff)
      • Coronavirus & Toxoplasma serology: Run Tues & Friday with a 10 am cutoff. Results for these test are usually available later that day.
      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request Feline seizure panel
      Comments: Includes: FP2, Toxoplasma IgM and IgG, Cryptococcus and Coronavirus titres,
      Internal Use Only:
      Internal Codes: FSP
      Internal Laboratory: VP
      Internal Test Volume:
      Feline TLI
      (Trypsin-like Immunoreactivity (TLI) - Feline)
      Suitable Sample:
      • PC - fast for 18 hours prior to collection

       

      Unsuitable Sample:
      • EDTA
      • LH
      • Hemolysed serum is also not suitable
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 1.5 mL whole blood

       

      Turnaround Time:
      • Contact VETPATH (the sample goes to the USA)

       

      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request test
      • FELINE TLI
      Comments:
      • Fast for 18 hours prior to sample collection
      • Species specific assay
      • Feline TLI is currently only done in the USA (canine TLI is available at VETPATH)
      • Feline reference range is 12.0 - 82.0 ug/L
      • Low values are diagnostic for exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)
      • Values >100 ug/L in cats are consistent with acute or chronic pancreatitis.
      • Decreased renal excretion may also increase TLI, but the increases observed are mild even in severe renal failure.
      Internal Use Only: Sample goes to the GI Lab at Texas A&M Uni (USA)
      Internal Codes: BUS8
      Internal Laboratory: The GI Lab at Texas A&M University (USA)
      Internal Test Volume: 500 uL serum
      FeLV Antigen (Feline Leukaemia Virus) by IFA
      (Feline Leukaemia Virus by IFA)
      Suitable Sample:
      • EDTA
      • LH
      • Buffy coat smear
      • Bone marrow
      Unsuitable Sample:
      • PC

       

      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 0.5 mL if submitting whole blood or bone marrow

       

      Turnaround Time:
      • Tuesday to Friday
      • Cutoff is 7pm the previous working weekday
      • Results by 6pm
      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request test

       

      Comments:
      • Detects cell-associated antigen and is done as a follow-up test in cats that test positive by ELISA.
      • Cats test positive after bone infection occurs (at least 3 weeks of viraemia).
      • Cats positive by IFA are usually permanantly infected with FeLV as >90% of IFA-positive cats remain positive for life and never reject the virus.   Only 3-9% of IFA positive cats have transient viraemia.
      Internal Use Only: If requested later in the day, check the with the lab staff as it may be able to be done if they are not busy.
      Internal Codes:
      • S20F
      • S20L (for laboratories)
      Internal Laboratory: VP
      Internal Test Volume: Sufficent blood to make a buffy coat smear.
      FeLV Antigen by RIM
      (Feline Leukaemia Virus Antigen by ELISA)
      Suitable Sample:
      • EDTA
      • PC
      • LH
      Unsuitable Sample:
      • CIT
      • FL
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 0.5 ml whole blood
      • blood must be <= 4 days old
      Turnaround Time:
      • 4 hours

       

      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request test
      • Can be done in combination with FIV antibody
      Comments:
      • Detects soluble antigen. Cats exposed to FeLV will usually test positive within 28 days, but may be longer (up to 90 days).
      • Many infections are transient and a positive result in a healthy cat should be followed by either IFA, or retested by ELISA in 6 weeks. However, any positive ELISA result is best followed by IFA (only 3-9% of cats with a direct positive IFA result have transient viraemia).
      • Vaccination does not interfere with detection of antigen.
      Internal Use Only:
      • Currently using Anigen RIM
      Internal Codes: S20R
      Internal Laboratory: VP
      Internal Test Volume: 50 uL serum/plasma
      FeLV PCR
      (Feline Leukaemia Virus PCR)
      Suitable Sample:
      • EDTA
      Unsuitable Sample:
      • PC
      • CIT
      • LH
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 2ml EDTA blood
      Turnaround Time:
      • 7 days
      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request test
      Comments:
      Internal Use Only:
      • Gribbles
      Internal Codes: G16
      Internal Laboratory: Vetnostics
      Internal Test Volume:
      Fibrinogen
      Suitable Sample:
      • EDTA
      • SC
      Unsuitable Sample:
      • LH
      • PC
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 0.5 ml whole blood

       

      Turnaround Time:
      • 0.5 hour

       

      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request test

       

      Comments:
      • Is done routinely for large animals.
      • Is done if requested or if indicated (eg history says suspect pyometra) in small animals.

       

      Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
      Internal Codes:
      • H27
      • H01a
      • H03a
      • H1aL
      Internal Laboratory: VP
      Internal Test Volume:
      Fine Needle Aspirate Cytology (FNA)
      (Cytology - fine needle aspirate/FNA)
      Suitable Sample:
      • Air-dried smears from FNA
      • Aspirated material (no needles on syringes unless securely capped)
      Unsuitable Sample:
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • Single smear

       

      Turnaround Time:
      • 24 hours Monday-Saturday
      • Most results are available later the same day
      • Samples submitted late in the day may be read the next morning (results available by 1 pm)
      • If a sample is urgent, please note this on the submission form.
      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request test

       

      Comments:
      • Submission of at least two smears or smears from more than one FNA of a lesion increases the chances of a diagnostic sample without increasing the cost
      • Multiple aspirates from eg multiple lymph nodes are charged as a single sample
      • Extra aspirates from separate lesions in the same animal are charged at a reduced rate
      Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
      Internal Codes:
      • C01
      • C01h
      • C02
      Internal Laboratory: VP
      Internal Test Volume:
      FIP - Coronavirus Antibody Titre by IFA
      (Coronavirus (Feline) Antibody Titre by IFA)
      Suitable Sample:
      • PC (serum)
      • Feline only
      Unsuitable Sample:
      • EDTA
      • LH
      • Species other than cats
      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 1.0 mL whole blood
      Turnaround Time:
      • Run Tuesday and Friday
      • Cutoff time 7pm previous working week day
      • Results available the same day
      Request/Test Included in:
      • This test is included in the FIP Screen.
      • It may also be requested as an individual test (Coronavirus Indirect IFA) .
      Comments: This is the gold-standard test for measurement of antibodies to feline coronavirus (FCoV).

      • Titres of 1:10 or less are considered seronegative.
      • Titres 1:40 or greater considered seropositive.
      • Titres <1:10 indicate a low likelihood of coronavirus shedding. If the cat is infected they are likely to stop shedding when isolated.
      • Cats with high titres (1:640 or higher) are almost always shedding virus but can stop shedding upon isolation. This can be demonstrated by a drop in their titre to low or undetectable levels.
      • Cats with clinical FIP usually have a high titre (1:640 or higher), although a few cases may show low titres in the terminal stages (particularly in the effusive forms).
      • The higher the titre the greater the specificity and sensitivity of this test for a diagnosis of FIP. The positive predictive index at 1:1600 is 0.94 and the negative predictive index 0.88 (J Vet Int Med 2003:17 781-790).
      • No single test is suitable to confirm a diagnosis of FIP apart from histopathology. Clinical diagnosis of FIP should be based on a wide variety of tests including history, age, number of cats in household, persistent pyrexia and laboratory data including assessment of acute phase proteins, analysis of effusions, haematology and biochemical tests as well as specific serological tests to list a few.
      Internal Use Only:
      • Serial dilutions are performed from 1:10 with 4-fold dilutions to 1:2560.
      • Although in theory this test can also be done on canine serum, this requires the use of specific canine reagent, plus there are no guidelines for interpretation of canine results, therefore TEST CANNOT BE DONE ON DOGS
      Internal Codes:
      • S23
      • S23L (for laboratories)
      • S23 (FIP Screen)
      • S23L (FIP Screen for laboratories)
      • S16F (canine coronavirus Ab titre)
      Internal Laboratory: VP
      Internal Test Volume: 50 uL
      FIP - Coronavirus direct IFA on effusion fluid
      (Coronavirus/FIP - Direct IFA on Effusion Fluid)
      Suitable Sample:
      • Abdominal or Thoracic fluid, as fresh as possible. 
      • EDTA (if not collected in EDTA transfer to EDTA as soon as possible)
      • Immunohistochemistry can be done on formalin-fixed tissues.
      • Keep sample chilled, not frozen
      Unsuitable Sample:
      • Serum or plasma

       

      Minimum Sample Size:
      • 1 mL fluid is the absolute minimum
      • 10 mL of fluid is preferab
      Turnaround Time:
      • 5 working days  (1-2 working days once received at the interstate referral laboratory)

       

      Request/Test Included in:
      • Request test (anti-FIP direct IFA)
      • May also be requested as an additional test to fluid cytology
      Comments: This is a highly specific test to demonstrate FIP-related antigens in macrophages in effusion fluid.

      The anti-FCoV direct IFA test detects direct immunofluorescent staining of FIP-related antigens in macrophages in the effusion with anti-FCoV antibodies. This is a very specific diagnostic test as only FIP-infected cats will have virus-infected macrophages. This test has a specificity of 1.00 (100% positive predictive value) but a relatively low sensitivity of 0.75 (75%).  No single test is able to confirm a diagnosis of FIP apart from histopathology. Clinical diagnosis of FIP should be based on a wide variety of tests including history, age, number of cats in household, persistent pyrexia and laboratory data including assessment of acute phase proteins, analysis of effusions, haematology and biochemical tests as well as specific serological tests to list a few.
      Internal Use Only:  
      Internal Codes: S29
      Internal Laboratory:
      • Uni of Sydney (Veterinary Pathology Diagnostic Services)
      • Ph 02 9351 7456
      • Fax 02 9351 7421
      Internal Test Volume: Anti FCoV direct IFA requires a minimum of 1 mL of effusion fluid
      FIP Screen
      (no longer available)
      Suitable Sample:
      • PC
        Unsuitable Sample:
        • LH
        • EDTA
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 1.0 ml whole blood

         

        Turnaround Time:
        • Coronavirus IFA Run Tuesday and Friday, cutoff 7pm previous working weekday
        • A:G ratio run daily, on demand
        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test (FIP Screen)
        • Each test may also be requested as an individual test
        • Can upgrade from a coronavirus antibody titre to a screen
        Comments:
        • Consists of alpha 1 AGP, Feline Coronavirus titre and albumin:globulin ratio.
        • This is a comprehensive panel of tests best used to differentiate cats with FIP from those with non-FIP disease presenting with similar clinical signs.

         

        Internal Use Only:
        • It is possible that the FCoV indirect IFA test could be run on EDTA or LH, but neither of these has been evaluated and results could not be guaranteed valid; neither of these samples is recommended at this time.
        • Separate code for upgrade from coronavirus titre by IFA
        Internal Codes:
        • S23S 
        • S23SL (for laboratories)
        • S23U (upgrade to FIP screen from coronavirus antibody titre by IFA)
        • S28 (alpha-1 AGP)
        • S23 (coronavirus antibody titre by IFA)
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume:
        • FCoV IFA tire: 50 uL
        • Alpha-1 AGP: 5 uL
        • A:G ratio: 100 uL
        • TOTAL VOLUME approximately 160 uL
        FIV Antibody Detection (RIM)
        (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Antibody Detection by RIM)
        Suitable Sample:
        • EDTA
        • PC
        • LH
        Unsuitable Sample:
        • FL

         

        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 0.5 ml whole blood

         

        Turnaround Time:
        • 4 hours
        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test
        • Can be done in combination with FeLV RIM
        Comments:
        • The test performed on a chromatographic immunoassay for FIV antibody that has been validated as a discriminatory test in cats vaccinated against the virus and those naturally infected. In this study none of the vaccinated cats (0/107) were positive using this antibody assay. Kittens less than six months of age were not included in this study (due to the possibility of maternal antibodies being present) (Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 2015)
        Internal Use Only:
        Internal Codes: S37 or S38
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume:
        FIV Antigen Detection by PCR
        (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Antigen Detection by PCR)
        Suitable Sample:
        • EDTA blood (whole, not separated)
        • Fluoride EDTA blood (whole not separated)
        Unsuitable Sample:
        • Serum, plasma
        • Non-EDTA or non-fluoride EDTA anticoagulated blood
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 1mL

         

        Turnaround Time:
        • 2 - 3 weeks
        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test
        • Be clear to specific FIV antigen by PCR not just FIV
        Comments:
        • The PCR test detects viral DNA.
        • The test is not affected by the presence of antibodies (which are detected by the ELISA and RIM tests).
        • Vaccinated cats should have antibodies to FIV and the PCR is the only way in which a diagnosis of FIV infection can be made in vaccinated cats.
        Internal Use Only:
        Internal Codes: GG1
        Internal Laboratory: Vetnostics
        Internal Test Volume: Absolute minimum is 100 uL
        Flow cytometry
        Suitable Sample:
        • Blood (less than 24 hours old)
        Unsuitable Sample:
        • PC
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 1ml
        Turnaround Time:
        • 5 days
        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test
        Comments:
        • Sample must arrive at the Sydney referral laboratory within 48 hours of collection. 
        • Blood samples must be submitted on Monday or Tuesday for overnight courier.
        Internal Use Only:
        Internal Codes: C25R
        Internal Laboratory: Vetnostics
        Internal Test Volume:
        Fluid Analysis & Cytology
        (Cytology - Fluid Analysis)
        Suitable Sample:
        • Fresh smears made at the time of collection are useful.
        • EDTA is optimal for cytology
        • Collect non-anticoagulated if sample is to be cultured; samples in EDTA are not suitable for culture
        Unsuitable Sample:
        • LH

         

        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 0.5 mL if cell count is to be done.
        • Smears for cytology are useful. 
        Turnaround Time:
        • 24 hours Monday-Saturday
        • Most results are available later the same day
        • Samples submitted late in the day may be read the next morning (results available by 1 pm)
        • If a sample is urgent, please note this on the submission form
        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test

         

        Comments:
        • If sufficient fluid, place some in an EDTA tube and the rest in either a PC tube (without activator) or a sterile urine container.
        Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
        Internal Codes:
        • C03
        • C03a (second site, same animal)
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume: 0.5 mL
        Fluoroacetate (1080)
        Suitable Sample:
        • Stomach contents or Vomitus - freeze
        • Bait

         

        Unsuitable Sample:
        • Blood, urine

         

        Minimum Sample Size:
        Turnaround Time:
        • Allow  up to 6 weeks (contact laboratory to confirm expected time for availability of results).

         

        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test

         

        Comments:
        Internal Use Only: Only run once a month, so turnaround depends on when the sample arrives relative to the next batch.

        Cost to Vetpath - Animal sample $319.50 + GST, bait $118.14 + GST (Nov 2017)

        Send to:
        DAFF
        Chemical Residue Laboratory (CRL)
        Health and Food Sciences Precinct
        39 Kessels Road
        Coopers Plains Qld 4108
        Phone: 07 3276 6100
        Fax: 07 3216 6565

        Internal Codes: X08
        Internal Laboratory:
        Internal Test Volume: N/A
        FNA cytology
        (Cytology - Fine Needle Aspirate)
        Suitable Sample:
        • Air-dried smears from FNA
        • Aspirated material (no needles on syringes unless securely capped)
        Unsuitable Sample:
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • Single smear

         

        Turnaround Time:
        • 24 hours Monday-Saturday
        • Most results are available later the same day
        • Samples submitted late in the day may be read the next morning (results available by 1 pm)
        • If a sample is urgent, please note this on the submission form
        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test

         

        Comments:
        • Submission of at least two smears or smears from more than one FNA of a lesion increases the chances of a diagnostic sample without increasing the cost
        • Multiple aspirates from eg multiple lymph nodes are charged as a single sample
        • Extra aspirates from separate lesions in the same animal are charged at a reduced rate
        Internal Use Only:
        Internal Codes:
        • C01
        • C01h
        • C02
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume:
        Foal Profile 1
        EP2 plus choice of SAA OR IgG Quant TIA
        Suitable Sample:
        • EDTA (for CBC/hematology/blood count)
        • PC (preferrred sample for biochemisty in mammals)
        • PC also for SAA / IgG
        Unsuitable Sample:
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 1-2 mL of EDTA-anticoagulated whole blood for CBC
        • 2 mL of clotted
        Turnaround Time:
        • 4 hours minimum
        • Samples marked as "urgent" will be given priority, BUT may take longer to run as abnormal results may require further checking and dilutions.
        Request/Test Included in:
        • When requesting the Foal Profile 1 there is a choice of SAA or IgG as well. Please specify which one on the request form.

         

        Comments:
        • Includes EP2 plus choice of SAA OR IgG Quant TIA.

         

        Internal Use Only:
        Internal Codes: EFP1
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume:
        Foal Profile 2
        EP2 plus SAA AND IgG Quant TIA
        Suitable Sample:
        • EDTA (for CBC/hematology/blood count)
        • PC (preferrred sample for biochemisty in mammals)
        • PC also for SAA / IgG
        Unsuitable Sample:
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 1-2 mL of EDTA-anticoagulated whole blood for CBC
        • 2 mL of clotted
        Turnaround Time:
        • 4 hours minimum
        • Samples marked as "urgent" will be given priority, BUT may take longer to run as abnormal results may require further checking and dilutions
        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test
        Comments:
        • Includes EP2 plus SAA AND IgG Quant TIA.

         

        Internal Use Only:
        Internal Codes: EFP2
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume:
        Foal Screen 1
        CBC plus choice of SAA OR IgG Quant TIA
        Suitable Sample:
        • EDTA (for CBC/hematology/blood count)
        • PC for SAA / IgG
        Unsuitable Sample:
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 1-2 mL of EDTA-anticoagulated whole blood for CBC
        • 2 mL whole blood
        Turnaround Time:
        • 4 hours minimum
        • Samples marked as "urgent" will be given priority, BUT may take longer to run as abnormal results may require further checking and dilutions.
        Request/Test Included in:
        • When requesting the Foal Screen 1 there is a choice of SAA or IgG as well. Please specify which one on the request form.

         

        Comments:
        • Includes CBC plus choice of SAA OR IgG Quant TIA.
        Internal Use Only:
        Internal Codes: EFS1
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume:
        Foal Screen 2
        CBC Plus SAA AND IgG Quant TIA
        Suitable Sample:
        • EDTA (for CBC/hematology/blood count)
        • PC for SAA / IgG
        Unsuitable Sample:
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 1-2 mL of EDTA-anticoagulated whole blood for CBC

         

        Turnaround Time:
        • 4 hours minimum
        • Samples marked as "urgent" will be given priority, BUT may take longer to run as abnormal results may require further checking and dilutions.
        Request/Test Included in:
        • The Foal Screen 2 includes a CBC, SAA AND IgG Quant TIA
        Comments:
        • Includes CBC Plus SAA AND IgG Quant TIA.

         

        Internal Use Only:
        Internal Codes: EFS2
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume:
        Folate - Large Animals
        Suitable Sample:
        • PC
        • LH
        • Tissue
        Unsuitable Sample:
        • EDTA

         

        Minimum Sample Size:
        Turnaround Time:
        • 2 weeks

         

        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test

         

        Comments:
        • Contact Vetpath to see if this test is available

         

        Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
        Internal Codes:
        Internal Laboratory: Dept of Ag, WA NEED TO CONTACT LABORATORY
        Internal Test Volume:
        Folate - Small Animals (Serum)
        Suitable Sample:
        • PC

         

        Unsuitable Sample:
        • EDTA 
        • LH
        • Tissue
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 1.5ml clotted blood - unhaemolyzed

         

        Turnaround Time:
        • Up to 5 working days
        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test

         

        Comments:
        • Haemolysis results in red cell folate being measured rather than serum folate.

         

        Internal Use Only: Sample should not be haemolyzed as serum folate is the desired test not red cell folate.
        Internal Codes: B33 for folate only
        Internal Laboratory:
        • WDP - Myaree
        • Code is VFA
        Internal Test Volume: 500µl
        FP1
        Suitable Sample:
        • EDTA
        • FL
        • PC
        Unsuitable Sample:
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 1ml in each tube
        Turnaround Time:
        • 4 hours
        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test
        Comments:

        FP1 includes a CBC, ALT, ALP, bilirubin, urea, creatinine, glucose, total protein, albumin, globulins, urine SG

        Internal Use Only:
        Internal Codes: FP1
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume:
        FP2
        Suitable Sample:
        • EDTA
        • FL
        • PC
        Unsuitable Sample:
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 1ml in each tube
        Turnaround Time:
        • 4 hours
        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request
        Comments:
        • FP2 includes a CBC, CK, AST, ALT, ALP, GGT, bilirubin, urea, creatinine, glucose, cholesterol, Na, K, Cl, total protein, albumin, globulin, calcium, phosphorus, urine SG and BOHB if indicated.
        Internal Use Only:
        Internal Codes: FP2
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume:
        FP3 - Geriatric profile
        Suitable Sample:
        • EDTA
        • FL
        • PC
        Unsuitable Sample:
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 1ml in each tube
        Turnaround Time:
        • 4 hours
        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test.
        • Total T4 can be included.
        Comments:

        FP3 includes CBC, ALT, ALP, GGT, urea, creatinine, glucose, bilirubin, total protein, albumin, globulin, Na, K, urine SG.

        Internal Use Only:
        Internal Codes: FP3
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume:
        FP5
        Suitable Sample:
        • FL
        • PC
        Unsuitable Sample:
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 1ml in each tube
        Turnaround Time:
        • 4 hours
        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test
        Comments:

        The FP5 is the FP2 biochemistry panel, and includes CK, AST, ALT, ALP, GGT, bilirubin, urea, creatinine, glucose, cholesterol, Na, K, Cl, total protein, albumin, globulin, calcium, phosphorus, urine SG and BOHB if indicated.

        Internal Use Only:
        Internal Codes: FP5
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume:
        Fractional Excretion (Clearance) Ratio
        Suitable Sample:
        • Urine
          PLUS
        • LH or PC blood
        • It is suggested that the urine sample be obtained first and then the blood collected as it is best if the samples are collected close together.
        Unsuitable Sample:
        • EDTA blood
        • FL blood
        • CIT blood
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 1 mL whole blood
        Turnaround Time:
        • Approximately 4 hours after arrival at the laboratory.

         

        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test (FCR or FER)
        • It is essential to specify which analyte you wish to test for.
        Comments:
        • Fractional clearance ratios are an indication of the proportion of an analyte that is presented to the kidneys that ends up in the urine.
        • This is most often done for Na, K, Cl, Ca and P.
        Internal Use Only:
        • There is a base price for one analyte.
        • Others can be added at a reduced price.
        Internal Codes: B47 and B47a
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume:
        Free T4 (Vetpath)
        Suitable Sample:
        • PC
        Unsuitable Sample:
        • EDTA
        • LH
        • FL
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 2ml whole blood
        Turnaround Time:
        • 4 hours
        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request free T4
        Comments:
        • Free T4 can now be run in house at Vetpath using a method that correlates with Equilibrium Dialysis.
        Internal Use Only:
        Internal Codes: E32
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume:
        Free T4 by Equilibrium Dialysis
        Suitable Sample:
        • PC 
        Unsuitable Sample:
        • EDTA
        • LH

         

        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 2 mL whole blood (requires 200 uL of serum)

         

        Turnaround Time:
        • Allow up to 10 working days

         

        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test (must be specifically free T4, not total T4)

         

        Comments:
        • Sample needs to be at Vetpath 2 working days (excluding Friday) prior to the test being run.

         

        Internal Use Only:
        • Samples now go to IDDEX Brisbane, not Melbourne.
        • These can also be done at MSU and Cornell or the UK as part of a complete thyroid panel (the panel is not expensive, but the shipping is approximately $60).
        Internal Codes: E16
        Internal Laboratory: IDDEX Brisbane
        Internal Test Volume: Need a minimum of 400 uL of serum
        Fructosamine
        Suitable Sample:
        • PC
        • LH
        • EDTA
          • Samples must be less than 24 hours old.
        Unsuitable Sample:
        • CIT
        • FL
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • 2 ml whole blood

         

        Turnaround Time:
        • 4 hours

         

        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test

         

        Comments:
        • Is an indication of blood glucose over the previous 2-3 weeks and can be used to either distinguish between transient and persistent hyperglycaemia, or to monitor diabetic patients.
        • In cats it is not increased until the blood glucose is >16-20 mmol/L. Samples degradation occurs with time, and measurement of fructosamine must occur within 24 hours of collection.
        Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
        Internal Codes:
        • B12
        • B13
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume: 50 uL
        Fungal Culture
        Suitable Sample:
        • Hairs
        • Tissue
        Unsuitable Sample:
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • Very small samples are less likely to yield a positive culture

         

        Turnaround Time:
        • 1 to 4 weeks depending on when/if fungus grows

         

        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test (fungal culture)
        • KOH micro & fungal culture
        Comments:
        • Cultures are examined weekly for up to 4 weeks.

         

        Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
        Internal Codes:
        • D04
        • D05
        • D05a
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume:
        Fungal ID and Sensitivity
        Suitable Sample:
        • Existing fungal culture

         

        Unsuitable Sample:
        Minimum Sample Size:
        Turnaround Time:
        • Approximately 10 working days

         

        Request/Test Included in:
        Comments:
        Internal Use Only:
        Internal Codes: D09
        Internal Laboratory: Path West
        Internal Test Volume:
        Fungal Identification
        Suitable Sample: Existing fungal culture
        Unsuitable Sample:  
        Minimum Sample Size:
        Turnaround Time:
        • Minimum 10 working days

         

        Request/Test Included in:
        • Fungal identification (this is usually after a positive fungal culture result has been reported)

         

        Comments:
        Internal Use Only:
        • Sent to WDP as per DB 09/02/09.
        • (Previously sent tp St John of God Pathology.)
        Internal Codes: D08
        Internal Laboratory: Send to WDP. As per DB 09/02/09 (St John of God previously)
        Internal Test Volume: viable fungal culture
        Fungal Microscopy (KOH)
        (KOH)
        Suitable Sample:
        • Hairs
        • Skin scrape
        Unsuitable Sample:
        Minimum Sample Size:
        • Very small samples are less likely to yield a positive result.

         

        Turnaround Time:
        • 4 hours

         

        Request/Test Included in:
        • Request test (KOH)
        • KOH micro & fungal culture
        Comments:
        • The sensitivity of KOH microscopy is not as high as culture and a negative result does not rule out dermatophyte infection.

         

        Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
        Internal Codes:
        • DO1
        • D04
        • DO2
        • DO3 (multiples)
        Internal Laboratory: VP
        Internal Test Volume: