Test Information

To locate information on a particular test, click on the relevant letter and follow the trail. eg To find information on sample requirements, test availability and turnaround time for FeLV, click on "F" and then click on the relevant test (FeLV soluble Ag or FeLV IFA).

To download a copy of our lab request form please click link below:

Lab Request Form


SAA
(Serum Amyloid A)
Suitable Sample:
  • Whole blood in plain/clot activated tube
  • Serum
  • Synovial fluid
Unsuitable Sample:
  • Anticoagulated blood
  • Samples from species other than equine or feline
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 3 mL whole blood (plain/clot activated tube)
  • 1 mL serum
  • 0.5 mL synovial fluid in an EDTA tube
Turnaround Time:
  • Test is run daily with results being reported the day of sample arrival

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • SAA as a part of a biochemistry panel
    OR
  • SAA as a stand-alone test
Comments:
  • SAA is an acute phase protein which is increased as part of the acute phase response.
  • It is increased in response to a wide range of processes which result in tissue injury; these include bacterial and viral infection, parasitic infestation, surgery, ischaemia, and neoplasia.
  • SAA is a major acute phase protein in the horse.
  • Following acute inflammation, SSA shows a rapid increase and peaks within 36-48 hours.
  • After the resolution of inflammatory disease, there is an equally rapid decrease.
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes:
  • B43
  • B43a
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Salmonella culture
Suitable Sample:
  • Faeces
  • Swab
Unsuitable Sample:
  • Dry swabs

 

Minimum Sample Size:
Turnaround Time:
  • 24-48 hours

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • Samples should be stored in a cool, dry place; samples do not need to be refrigerated.
  • A fresh sample is more likely to yield a positive result
  • Samples stored at room temperature can be cultured for up to 3 days after collection
  • Samples stored at 4oC can cultured for up to 4 days after collection.
  • Multiple cultures at 24 hour intervals are more likely to yield a positive result than single cultures when trying to diagnose Salmonellois in horses.
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: M13
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Salmonella ID
Suitable Sample:
  • Swab
  • Culture plate
  • MacConkey agar plate
Unsuitable Sample:
  • Dry swabs

 

Minimum Sample Size:
Turnaround Time:
  • 10 working days

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
Internal Codes: M14
Internal Laboratory: PathCentre
Internal Test Volume: N/A
Seizure Panel - canine
(Canine Seizure Panel)
Suitable Sample:
  • EDTA (hematology component of CP2)
  • PC (biochemisty & serology)
  • FL (glucose)
  • Urine for the SG component of the CP2
Unsuitable Sample:
  • LH
  • SC
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2 mL of whole blood
Turnaround Time:
  • CP2: Same day (Mon-Sat)
  • Cryptococcus Titre: Same day (Mon-Friday 3:00 pm cutoff, Saturday 1:00 pm cutoff)
  • Neospora & Toxoplasma serology: Run Tues & Friday with a 10 am cutoff. Results for these test are usually available later that day.
Request/Test Included in:
  • Canine Seizure Panel (CSP)
Comments:
  • This panel includes:  CP2, Neospora IgG IFA, Toxoplasma IgG & IgM IFA, Cryptococcus titre
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: CSP
Internal Laboratory:
Internal Test Volume:
Seizure panel - feline
(Feline seizure panel)
Suitable Sample:
  • EDTA, PC and FL
Unsuitable Sample:
  • LH
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2ml whole blood
Turnaround Time:
  • FP2: Same day (Mon-Sat)
  • Cryptococcus Titre: Same day (Mon-Friday 3:00 pm cutoff, Saturday 1:00 pm cutoff)
  • Coronavirus & Toxoplasma serology: Run Tues & Friday with a 10 am cutoff. Results for these test are usually available later that day.
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request Feline seizure panel
Comments: Includes: FP2, Toxoplasma IgM and IgG, Cryptococcus and Coronavirus titres.
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: FSP
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Selenium
Suitable Sample:
  • LH
  • Tissue
  • Milk
  • Feed
Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA

 

Minimum Sample Size:
  • 10 mL whole blood
  • 5 - 10 mL milk
  • 100 gm fresh tissue
Turnaround Time:
  • 2 weeks

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • Selenium in blood is useful in alpacas
  • In other large animals species use RBC glutathione peroxidase (GPx) as an indicator of Se status
  • Whole blood is preferable to plasma as plasma only indicates current Se intake
  • If plasma Se is required, it is better to centrifuge and separate off the plasma into a plain tube before sending the sample to the laboratory 
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes:
Internal Laboratory: Dept of Ag WA
Internal Test Volume:
  • 2 mL of plasma is required for the plasma assay
  • 2 mL of milk is required for the assay
Semen Analysis
Suitable Sample:
  • Fresh semen in a sterile container
  • +/- semen diluted 9:1 in formalin (ie 9 parts semen to 1 part formalin)
  • Live/dead smears
Unsuitable Sample:
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 0.5 mL if cell count is to be done

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 24 hours Monday-Saturday (may be longer)

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • The formalin used is the same as for tissue fixation.
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes:
  • C19
  • C20 (second animal)
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Senior pet screen
Suitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • FL
  • PC
Unsuitable Sample:
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 1ml in each tube
Turnaround Time:
  • 4 hours
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
Comments:
  • Senior pet profile include ALT, ALP, urea, creatinine, glucose and urine SG.
  • Can include total T4 and/or CBC.
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: SPC, SPCT, SPET
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Serum Amyloid A (SAA)
(Amyloid A (serum))
Suitable Sample:
  • Whole blood in plain/clot activated tube
  • Serum
  • Synovial fluid
Unsuitable Sample:
  • Anticoagulated blood
  • Samples from species other than equine or feline

 

Minimum Sample Size:
  • 3 mL whole blood (plain/clot activated tube)
  • 1 mL serum
  • 0.5 mL synovial fluid in an EDTA tube
Turnaround Time:
  • Test is run daily with results being reported the day of sample arrival

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • SAA as a part of a biochemistry panel
     OR
  • SAA as a stand-alone test
Comments:
  • SAA is an acute phase protein which is increased as part of the acute phase response.
  • It is increased in response to a wide range of processes which result in tissue injury; these include bacterial and viral infection, parasitic infestation, surgery, ischaemia, and neoplasia.
  • SAA is a major acute phase protein in the horse.
  • Following acute inflammation, SSA shows a rapid increase and peaks within 36-48 hours.
  • After the resolution of inflammatory disease, there is an equally rapid decrease.
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: B43
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Serum Bile Acids
(Bile Acids)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC (non-hemolysed)
  • EDTA (non-hemolysed)
Unsuitable Sample:
  • LH (interferes)
  • Fluoride oxalate (glucose tube)
  • Hemolysed samples
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 4 hours

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments: Protocol for dogs and cats:
  1. Overnight fast.
  2. Collect a baseline blood sample (plain clotted).
  3. Immediately feed a moderately fatty meal. If inappetant, a small amount of oil can be syringe-fed (the intent is to stimulate gall bladder contraction).
  4. Collect a second blood sample two hours after the first sample.
Internal Use Only: Although the kit insert states use "serum or plasma" under sample requirements, later in the insert it also states that lith heparin plasma interferes and should be avoided.
Internal Codes:
  • B21 (single)
  • B22 (pair)
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Serum iron
(Iron)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • LH
  • EDTA
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 1 day

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • TIBC (total iron-binding capacity) is no longer available.

 

Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: B25
Internal Laboratory: WDP .... need to check on any specific requirements
Internal Test Volume:
Serum protein electrophoresis
(Electrophoresis - serum protein)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • LH
  • EDTA
  • Haemolysed samples
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 5 working days

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • Used primarily to differentiate polyclonal from monoclonal gammopathies.

 

Internal Use Only:
  • Now done at WDP
  • Need to get them to sent the actual tracing
  • If need to make changes to the band marking, just mark it and send it back and they will reintegrate the numbers
  • Need to verify cost et

Samples that are haemolysed must not be sent.

If the sample is haemolysed then a new sample must be requested.
Internal Codes: B19
Internal Laboratory: WDP .... need to check on any specific requirements
Internal Test Volume: 200uL of serum is adequate, but preferably more.
Skin Cytology
Suitable Sample:
  • Air dried smears
  • Sticky tape preparations (especially if suspect Malassezia)
  • Swab
Unsuitable Sample:
Minimum Sample Size:
  • Single smear

 

Turnaround Time:
  • < 24 hours (Mon-Sat)

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
Internal Codes: C15
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Skin Mites (KOH)
Suitable Sample:
  • Skin scraping (eg mineral oil)

 

Unsuitable Sample:
Minimum Sample Size:
  • Single smear

 

Turnaround Time:
  • < 24 hours (Mon-Sat)

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test (KOH)

 

Comments:
  • If Demodex is suspected, deep scrapings are more likely to be diagnostic
  • If Sarcoptes is suspected, superficial scrapings are more likely to be diagnostic (usually very few mites present)
Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
Internal Codes: C15
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Snake Venom Detection
Suitable Sample:
  • Bite site swab - optimal sample
  • Urine - preferred sample if bite site swab not available (see comments)
  • Plasma or serum.
Unsuitable Sample:
  • Whole blood.

 

Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2.0 mL

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 2 hours

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • CATS collect urine 4-30 hours post-envenomation for best results
  • DOGS collect urine <40-48 hours post-envenomation for best results
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: X07
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Sodium (Na)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC
  • LH
Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • FL
  • CIT
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 1 hour

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Individual test
  • CP2, 6, 3
  • FP2, 5, 3
  • EP2, 3, 4, 5, 7
  • RP2, 4
  • AP2, 4
Comments:
Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
Internal Codes: Profile or single test
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume: N/A
Sodium: potassium ratio (Na:K)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC
  • LH
Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA

 

Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 1 hour

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Individual test
  • CP2, 6, 3
  • FP2, 5, 3
  • EP2, 3, 4, 5, 7
  • RP2, 4
  • AP2, 4
Comments: Platelets from some species, particularly dogs, contain high concentrations of K and the [K] in serum samples is higher than in LH plasma samples. To minimise this problem when monitoring dogs with hypoadrencorticism, the use of LH samples is recommended.
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: Profile or single test
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Sperm Morphology
Suitable Sample:
  • Fresh semen in a sterile container
  • +/- semen diluted 9:1 in formalin (ie 9 parts semen to 1 part formalin)
  • Smears
Unsuitable Sample:
Minimum Sample Size:
  • Single smear

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 24 hours Monday-Saturday (may be longer)

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • The formalin used is the same as used for tissue fixation
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes:
  • C21
  • C22 (second animal)
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Sporotrichosis
Suitable Sample:
  • Culture

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • Blood - serology not available

 

Minimum Sample Size:
Turnaround Time:
  • Up to 4 weeks

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • Serology not available

 

Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
Internal Codes: N/A
Internal Laboratory: SJOG Hospital, Nedlands, address to Mycology
Internal Test Volume:
Stains (Gram, Leishmans, India Ink, Z-N)
Suitable Sample:
  • Air dried smears
  • Swab
  • (Culture)
Unsuitable Sample:
Minimum Sample Size:
  • Single smear

 

Turnaround Time:
  • Approximately 3 hours

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes:
  • M22
  • M23
  • M24
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Stomach worm (feline)
(Ollulanus tricuspis)
Suitable Sample:
  • Vomitus

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • Blood
  • faeces
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 4 gm

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 1 day, Monday - Friday

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: P26
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Streptoccus equi equi
Suitable Sample:
  • Swab in transport medium
  • The site from which the swab should be taken depends on the country; check with the appropriate authorities
Unsuitable Sample:
  • Dry swab

 

Minimum Sample Size:
  • Single swab

 

Turnaround Time:
  • Up to 3 days

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes:
  • Q10
  • Q11
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Streptococcal ID
Suitable Sample:
  • Swab
  • Culture plate
Unsuitable Sample:
  • Dry swabs

 

Minimum Sample Size:
Turnaround Time:
  • <48 hours

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: M15
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Strychnine
Suitable Sample:
  • Stomach contents or Vomitus - freeze
  • Bait
  • Urine
Unsuitable Sample:
  • Blood

 

Minimum Sample Size:
  • 5-10 mL if submitting urine

 

Turnaround Time:
  • See comments below (allow at least 21 days)

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
Internal Use Only: Send to:
DAFF
Chemical Residue Laboratory (CRL)
Health and Food Sciences Precinct
39 Kessels Road
Coopers Plains Qld 4108
Phone: 07 3276 6100
Fax: 07 3216 6565
Internal Codes: X06
Internal Laboratory:

 

Internal Test Volume: N/A
Synovial Fluid Analysis & Cytology
Suitable Sample:
  • Direct smear; this is the most important sample to get for cytology
  • PC/sterile pot if sample is to be cultured (EDTA is not suitable for culture)
  • EDTA is better for cytology alone (see comment)
Unsuitable Sample:
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 0.5 mL if cell count is to be done

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 24 hours Monday-Saturday
  • Most results are available later the same day
  • Samples submitted late in the day may be read the next morning (results available by 1 pm)
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • If sufficient fluid, place some in an EDTA tube and the rest in either a PC tube (without activator) or a sterile urine container.
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes:
  • C10
  • C11 (second site, same animal)
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume: