Test Information

To locate information on a particular test, click on the relevant letter and follow the trail. eg To find information on sample requirements, test availability and turnaround time for FeLV, click on "F" and then click on the relevant test (FeLV soluble Ag or FeLV IFA).

To download a copy of our lab request form please click link below:

LAB REQUEST FORM


T4 - Free (Vetpath)
(Free T4 - Vetpath)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC
Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • LH
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2ml whole blood
Turnaround Time:
  • 4 hours
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request free T4
Comments:
  • Vetpath is now running a free T4 assay that correlates with the free T4 by Equilibrium Dialysis.
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: E32
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
T4 - Free by equilibrium dialysis
(Free T4 - Equilibrium Dialysis)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC 
Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • LH 

 

Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2 mL whole blood (requires 200uL serum)

 

Turnaround Time:
  • Allow up to 10 working days

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test (must be specifically free T4 by ED, not free T4 (Vetpath) or total T4)

 

Comments:
  • Sample needs to be at Vetpath 2 working days (excluding Friday) prior to the test being run.

 

Internal Use Only:
  • Samples now go to IDDEX Brisbane, not Melbourne.
  • These can also be done at MSU and Cornell or the UK as part of a complete thyroid panel (the panel is not expensive, but the shipping is approximately $60).
Internal Codes: E16
Internal Laboratory: IDDEX Brisbane
Internal Test Volume: Need a minimum of 400 uL of serum
T4 - Total (canine, feline, equine)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • FL
  • LH
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2.0 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • Monday to Friday, 2:00pm cutoff time
  • Results available same day (usually by 3:00pm)
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • The test used for dogs is different to cats and horses
  • A decrease in total T4 is a reasonably sensitive, but not very specific test for canine hypothyroidism. Adding a canine TSH increases the sensitivity but not the specificity.
  • More information on monitoring of therapeutic drugs is available on this website.
Internal Use Only:
  • Client information sheet DCI-01 Drug Monitoring gives collection times for therapeuic monitoring of a range of drugs.
  • The kit insert for canine T4 does not list LH as a suitable sample, whereas the kit insert for non-canine species indicates that LH will give similar results to serum.
  • LH no longer deemed suitable sample - May 08
Internal Codes:
  • E19
  • E20
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
  • Canine - minimum 130 uL
  • Feline/equine - minimum 120 uL
Taurine
Suitable Sample:
  • Lithium heparin (preferred)
  • Serum
Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • CIT
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 5 ml (at least 2ml plasma/serum is required)
Turnaround Time:
  • 14 days
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
Comments:
  • Sample must be submitted within 4 hours of collection for separation and freezing.
Internal Use Only:
  • Lith hep is preferred but can use serum
  • Spin, separate and freeze ASAP
  • Minimum volume is 2ml
  • Goes to Idexx adn then referred elsewhere
Internal Codes: B45
Internal Laboratory: Idexx
Internal Test Volume: 2ml
Taylorella (CEM)
(Contagious Equine Metritis)
Suitable Sample:
  • Aimes medium with charcoal swabs (see comments)

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • Normal transport media swabs

 

Minimum Sample Size:
  • Mares: 1 swab
  • Stallions: 3 swabs
Turnaround Time:
  • At least 48 hours

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request CEM culture; please phone laboratory in advance.

 

Comments:
  • Need to use Aimes with charcoal swabs.
  • Can use Stuarts medium if processed within 24 hours.
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes:
Internal Laboratory: Department of Agriculture WA
Internal Test Volume:
Testosterone
Suitable Sample:
  • PC

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • LH
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2.5 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 5 working days

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • The hCG response test is used to diagnose rigs in horses <3 yo (use oestrone sulphate in horses 3 yo or older).
  • A client information sheet is available on identification of rigs (DCI-05).
  • The hCG response test is also used in mules and other animals.
  • Single testosterone values may also be used to diagnose cryptorchidisim in dogs and cats.
Internal Use Only:
  • Use WDP for small animals
  • Vetnostics have indicated that their assay works for horses and all equine samples should now be sent there (they use the Centaur).
  • A client information sheet is available on identification of rigs (DCI-04).
Internal Codes:
  • E24C - dogs (and cats) 
  • E24E - equine
Internal Laboratory:
  • Canine (and feline): WDP .... need to check on any specific requirements
  • Equine: Symbion Vetnostics (Sydney).  These are run Monday-Friday.
Internal Test Volume:
Tetrahydrocannabinol (marijuana, cannabis)
(Cannabis, Tetrahydrocannabinol, Marijuana)
Suitable Sample:
  • Urine

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • Blood

 

Minimum Sample Size:
  • 5 mL

 

Turnaround Time:
  • Performed weekdays
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request recreational drug screen
Comments:
  • Can be detected in urine for up to 10 days post-ingestion
  • Can also be done as part of the recreational drug screen
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: X11
Internal Laboratory: WDP
Internal Test Volume:
Thiamine (RBC)
Suitable Sample:
  • EDTA (test is performed on red cells)
Unsuitable Sample:
  •  LH

  • PC

Minimum Sample Size:
  • 1 mL whole blood minimum

Turnaround Time:
  • Turnaround time two weeks
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • Must not be on antibiotics
  • Red cell thiamine is a measure of stores and best for animal assessment.
  • There no well documented canine thiamine reference intervals
Internal Use Only:
  • Run at the Department of Agriculture (since 25/7/2011) 
  • 1ml minimum
  • Cost is $23.70 to us = $80 + GST to clients
Internal Codes: B41
Internal Laboratory: Dep't of Ag
Internal Test Volume: 200 ­µL but will not consider test unless they have 1ml! 
Thyroid panel (canine)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC for total T4, free T4, TSH and cholestrol
  • EDTA for PCV (Note: EDTA is not suitable for endocrine tests)
Unsuitable Sample:
  • LH
  • FL
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2ml whole blood
Turnaround Time:
  • 4 hours
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
Comments:
  • Includes Free T4, total T4, TSH, cholesterol and PCV
  • Note that a total T4 alone is adequate for therapeutic monitoring.
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: ECTP
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Thyroid panel (feline)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC
  • Urine
Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • LH
  • FL
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2ml whole blood
  • 2ml urine
Turnaround Time:
  • 4 hours
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
Comments:
  • Includes total T4, ALT, ALP, GGT, urea, creatinine, urine SG and urine dipstick
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: EFHTP
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
TLI - Canine
(Canine Trypsin-like Immunoreactivity)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC (canine only)
  • An overnight (>6 hours) fast is recommended prior to blood collection
Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • LH
  • FL
  • CIT
  • Species other than canine
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 1 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • Run Monday to Friday 10:30am cut off
  • Results available the same day
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • Sensitive and specific test for the diagnosis of canine exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)
  • Reference range for healthy dogs is 5.4 - 32 ng/mL
  • Values <2.5 ng/mL are diagnostic for canine exocrine pancreatic insufficiency.
  • Dogs with values 2.5 - 5.0 ng/mL should be retested in one month.
Internal Use Only:
  • Run on Immulite
  • Back-up is Melbourne Uni
Internal Codes: E30
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume: Needs a minimum of 150 uL of serum
TLI - Feline
(Feline Trypsin-like Immunoreactivity)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC - fast for 18 hours prior to collection

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • LH
  • Hemolysed serum is also not suitable
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 1.5 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • Contact VETPATH (the sample goes to the USA)

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
  • FELINE TLI
Comments:
  • Fast for 18 hours prior to sample collection
  • Species specific assay
  • Feline TLI is currently only done in the USA (canine TLI is available at VETPATH)
  • Feline reference range is 12.0 - 82.0 ug/L
  • Low values are diagnostic for exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)
  • Values >100 ug/L in cats are consistent with acute or chronic pancreatitis.
  • Decreased renal excretion may also increase TLI, but the increases observed are mild even in severe renal failure.
Internal Use Only: Sample goes to the GI Lab at Texas A&M Uni (USA)
Internal Codes: BUS8
Internal Laboratory: The GI Lab at Texas A&M University (USA)
Internal Test Volume: 500 uL serum
Total CO2
(Bicarbonate)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC (specimen of choice)
  • LH (not recommended)
Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • CIT
  • FL
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 4 hours

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
  • These are not done as part of any routine profile and need to be specifically requested.
Comments:
  • The sample is best taken into a vacutainer and taken on ice directly to the laboratory.

 

Internal Use Only:
  • From 01-05-2007 is no longer included in routine profiles unless specifically requested by the client.
  • LH is not listed as a suitable specimen by DCL, but other sources list it for this method. Results may be invalid.
Internal Codes:
  • B08 (bicarb alone)
  • B08a (when done as part of a profile)
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Total Protein - serum/plasma
(Protein (total) - serum/plasma)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC - serum protein
  • LH - plasma protein
  • EDTA - plasma protein
Unsuitable Sample:
  • FL
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 3 hours

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • CP1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • FP1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • EP1, 2, 3
  • RP1, 2, 3, 4
  • AP1, 2, 3, 4
  • Request test
Comments:
Internal Use Only: Have used fluoride EDTA previously but there is no information with the current reagents to indicate that this is or is not suitable.
Internal Codes:
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume: 25 uL
Total Solids Protein (TSP)
Suitable Sample:
  • Blood (EDTA, PC, LH)
  • Fluids (eg peritoneal, pleural, synovial)
Unsuitable Sample:
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 3 hours

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
  • Done as part of routine CBC (if no biochemistry)
Comments:
  • Measured by refractometer
  • The TS protein measures all solids in the sample
  • Lipaemia causes significant positive interference
  • Hyperbilirubinemia also interferes if moderate-marked
  • Marked hyperglycemia or azotemia will also affect the results
Internal Use Only: {Notes for Internal Use}
Internal Codes:
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Toxoplasma Ab titre - Dogs & cats
Suitable Sample:
  • PC

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • LH
  • EDTA
  • Samples from species other than dogs & cats
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • Run Tuesday and Friday
  • Cutoff is 7pm previous working weekday
  • Results available same day (approximately 6 pm Perth time)

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request Toxo IgG and IgM
    OR
  • Request Toxo IgG OR IgM as individual tests 
  • Toxo IgG and IgM titres are also included in the canine and feline seizure panels
Comments:
  • IFA test
  • Both IgG and IgM available (separately or as a pair)
  • The IgG titre is used as an indicator of previous exposure
  • The IgM titre is used to indicate current/active disease
Internal Use Only:
  • Wildlife samples get sent to Tasmania
  • Changed to Friday from Thursday Dec 14 2009
Internal Codes:
  • S3C Both IgG & IgM (must be ordered at the same time)
  • S3CL IgG & IgM for laboratories (must be ordered at the same time)
  • CSP for canine seizure panel
  • S3G IgG by IFA
  • S3GL IgG by IFA for laboratories
  • S3M IgM by IFA
  • S3ML IgM by IFA for laboratories
  • S3P pair of either IgG OR IgM
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Toxoplasma Ab Titre - Wildlife & production animal
Suitable Sample:
  • PC

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • LH
  • EDTA
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2.0 mL whole blood (check with lab)

 

Turnaround Time:
  • Contact laboratory

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test (see comments below)

 

Comments:
  • Paired samples 2-3 weeks apart are preferable for tests where the results are an antibody titre.
  • The test is a MAT testing for IgG.
  • The DAT test is no longer available due to limited value and false reactions due to non specific IgM in some sera.

Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: S31
Internal Laboratory: Mt Pleasant Labs, Tasmania
Internal Test Volume:
Toxoplasma Latex Agglutination Screening Test - All species
Suitable Sample:
  • PC

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • LH
  • EDTA
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 3 hours Mon-Sat

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: S3X
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Tracheal Wash Cytology
Suitable Sample:
  • Tracheal wash sample in sterile container (no anticoagulant)

 

Unsuitable Sample:
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 0.5 mL

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 24 hours Monday-Saturday
  • Most results are available later the same day
  • Samples submitted late in the day may be read the next morning (results available by 1 pm)

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes:
  • C12
  • C12 L
  • C13p (with BAL)
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Trichomonas foetus PCR
Suitable Sample:
  • Anal passage swab not in culture media (snap off and store in urine pot)
  • Faecal sample is less ideal
Unsuitable Sample:
  • Blood
Minimum Sample Size:
  • Swab - snap off the tip and store refridgerated in a urine pot
Turnaround Time:
  • 10 days
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
Comments:
  • Anal passage swab is the prefered sample as the Tritrichomonas DNA appears to degrade in faeces.
  • Do not place in culture media. Snap off the tip of the swab and place in a urine pot.
  • Refridgerate until submission.
Internal Use Only:
  • If faeces is submitted, a swab of this sample needs to be taken and submitted to the lab.
  • Store in the fridge until submitting with an ice brick.
  • Goes to Gribbles SOUTH AUSTRALIA
  • 1 Goodward Rd, Wayville, SA 4034.
  • Their price is $72.75 + GST. We will charge $131 + GST.
  • Turnaround time once it reaches Gribbles is 5 days
Internal Codes: G14
Internal Laboratory: Gribbles
Internal Test Volume:
Triglycerides
Suitable Sample:
  • PC
  • LH (plasma may give lower values)
  • EDTA
Unsuitable Sample:
  • FL

 

Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 2 hours

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes:
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume:
Tris-EDTA wash solution
Suitable Sample:
Unsuitable Sample:
Minimum Sample Size:
Turnaround Time:
Request/Test Included in:
Comments:
  • Tris EDTA wash solution for ears is now available in 100ml bottles.
  • Request via the Supplies form.
Internal Use Only:
Internal Codes: YTES
Internal Laboratory:
Internal Test Volume:
Tropinin I
(Cardiac Tropinin I)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC (Clotted blood)

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • LH
  • SC
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • 2-3 working days

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Special request only

 

Comments:
  • Troponin I in serum increases in response to myocardial injury.
  • Not routine test - special request only
Internal Use Only: As per DB - 25-11-2008? - Samples to be sent to WDP
Internal Codes: E21
Internal Laboratory:
  • WDP
  • As per DB - 25/11 - Samples to be sent to WDP.
  • [Were previously sent to PathLab, attention Ron Bell, 52 Childs Road, Epping, Victoria 3076 ph 03 9408 9817 fax 03 9401 5822]
Internal Test Volume: Minimum 150 uL? Not sure on this, from previous information.
Trypsin-like Immunoreactivity - Canine
(TLI - Canine)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC (canine only)
  • An overnight (>6 hours) fast is recommended prior to blood collection
Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • LH
  • FL
  • CIT
  • Species other than canine
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 1 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • Run Monday to Friday 10:30am cut off
  • Results available the same day
Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • Sensitive and specific test for the diagnosis of canine exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)
  • Reference range for healthy dogs is 5.4 - 32 ng/mL
  • Values <2.5 ng/mL are diagnostic for canine exocrine pancreatic insufficiency.
  • Dogs with values 2.5 - 5.0 ng/mL should be retested in one month.
Internal Use Only:
  • Run on Immulite
  • Back-up is Melbourne Uni
Internal Codes: E30
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume: Needs a minimum of 150 uL of serum
Trypsin-like Immunoreactivity - Feline
(TLI - Feline)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC - fast for 18 hours prior to collection

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • LH
  • Hemolysed serum is also not suitable
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 1.5 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • Contact VETPATH (the sample goes to the USA)

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test
  • FELINE TLI
Comments:
  • Fast for 18 hours prior to sample collection
  • Species specific assay
  • Feline TLI is currently only done in the USA (canine TLI is available at VETPATH)
  • Feline reference range is 12.0 - 82.0 ug/L
  • Low values are diagnostic for exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)
  • Values >100 ug/L in cats are consistent with acute or chronic pancreatitis.
  • Decreased renal excretion may also increase TLI, but the increases observed are mild even in severe renal failure.
Internal Use Only: Sample goes to the GI Lab at Texas A&M Uni (USA)
Internal Codes: BUS8
Internal Laboratory: The GI Lab at Texas A&M University (USA)
Internal Test Volume: 500 uL serum
TSH (Canine thyroid stimulating hormone)
Suitable Sample:
  • PC

 

Unsuitable Sample:
  • EDTA
  • LH
Minimum Sample Size:
  • 2.0 mL whole blood

 

Turnaround Time:
  • Monday to Friday, 2:00pm cutoff time, results available same day.
  • Saturday, 1:00pm cuttoff time, results available same day.

 

Request/Test Included in:
  • Request test

 

Comments:
  • In approximately 70% of true hypothyroid dogs there is elevated TSH.

 

Internal Use Only: There is no information in the kit insert regarding samples other than serum.
Internal Codes:
  • E20 (with T4)
  • E27
Internal Laboratory: VP
Internal Test Volume: Minimum 130 uL